Passive Voice

For example sentences:

1. I write this letter for you (Active)
This letter be written for you (Passive)

2. I take that book (Active)
That book is taken by me (Passive)

3. I help my father (Active)
My Father is helped by me (Passive)

4. He borrows the book every Sunday (Active)
The book is borrowed by him every Sunday (Passive)

5. Mery’s father promised her a prize (Active)
Mery was promised a prize by her father (Passive)

6. Anna is writing the letters (Active)
The letters are being written by Anna (Pasive)

7. Miss Lia is teaching the students (Active)
The students are being taught by Miss Lia (Pasive)

8. I was doing the homework when I came (Active)
The homework was being done by him when I came (Passive)

9. My Father was painting the wall (Active)
The wall was being painting by my father (Passive)

10. Somebody has dropped a wallet on the road (Active)
A wallet has been dropped by somebody on the road (Passive)


Modal Auxiliary verbs

1. Anna can swim
2. I should study hard
3. You must know your obligation
4. It would be better to study English
5. Adi could have gone to school
6. Sari should have finished her homework
7. He could have angry with me
8. I can write well
9. I will be right here waiting for you
10. I will always love you

Question Tags

For example sentences:

1. He is a lazy boy, isn’t he?
2. The book is hers, isn’t it?
3. It is black, isn’t it?
4. She is not your sister, is she?
5. He didn’t come to the meeting, did he?
6. The key is in the car, isn’t it?
7. Lia didn’t give the money, did she?
8. She is too young for your wife, isn’t she?
9. They were in their office yesterday, weren’t they?
10. You are a student, aren’t you?

Simple Past Tense

For example sentences:

1. I went to USA last week
2. She studied English last month
3. They bought a new house two months ago
4. You called me yesterday
5. I went to school yesterday
6. I didn’t go to Jakarta last week
7. She didn’t study English last year
8. When did they buy a new house?
9. Why did you call me yesterday?
10. I know what you did last summer

Present Perfect Tense

For example sentences:

1. I have written English lesson for 30 minutes
2. You have read my lesson since 2 PM
3. I have cleaned the floor
4. He has drunk milk
5. You have just broken the glass
6. She has not gone
7. I have gone for one hour
8. He has come from Jakarta
9. Have you done your homework?
10. Have you ever seen the rainbow?

Song and Translate (Mariah Carey – Hero)

Mariah Carey – Hero

There’s a hero
If you look inside your heart
You don’t have to be afraid
Of what you are
There’s an answer
If you reach into your sould
And the sorrow that you know
Will melt away

And then a hero comes along
With the strength to carry on
And you cast your fears aside
And you know you can survive
So when you feel like hope is gone
Look inside you and be strong
And you’ll finally see the truth
That a hero lies in you

It’s a long road
When you face the world alone
No one reaches out a hand
For you to hold
You can find love
If you search within yourself
And the emptiness you felt
Will disappear

Lord knows
Dreams are hard to follow
But don’t let anyone
Tear them away
Hold on
There will be tomorrow
In time
You’ll find the way

Mariah Carey – Pahlawan

Ada seorang pahlawan
Jika kamu melihat ke dalam hatimu
kamu tidak perlu takut
Dari apa adanya kamu
Ada jawaban
Jika kamu mencapai ke kamu bisa
Dan kesedihan yang kamu tahu
Akan mencair

Dan kemudian seorang pahlawan datang
Dengan kekuatan untuk melanjutkan
Dan kamu membuang ketakutanmu
Dan kau tahu kau bisa bertahan
Jadi, ketika kamu merasa seperti tak punya harapan
Lihat lebih dalam dan kamu akan kuat
Dan kamu akhirnya akan melihat kebenaran
itulah pahlawan bagimu

Ini adalah jalan panjang
Ketika kamu menghadapi dunia sendirian
Tidak ada mengulurkan tangan
Bagi kamu untuk menahan
Kamu dapat menemukan cinta
Jika kamu mencari didalam dirimu
Dan kekosongan yang kamu rasa
Akan menghilang

Tuhan tahu
Mimpi yang sulit diraih
Tapi jangan biarkan orang lain meraihnya
Akan ada besok
Dalam waktu
Kamu akan menemukan jalan

The Jakarta Post News

Indorama to invest $5b through 2014
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Mon, 03/28/2011 5:09 PM | Business

The world’s largest maker of polyester says it will allocate US$5 billion new investments in Indonesia through 2014.

Indorama Venture would invest $2.2 billion in Indonesian polyester and coal companies in 2010, chairman Sri Prakash Lohia said as reported by

The company’s total investment would top $5 billion by 2014, following a $2.8 billion investment in petrochemicals and oil and gas companies, he added.

“We are working on projects [worth] up to $5 billion in Indonesia, but we are still studying the development and the proposal,” Lohia said at the State Palace in Jakarta after meeting President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

Also at the meeting were Coordinating Economic Minister Hatta Rajasa, Industry Minister MS Hidayat and Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) chairman Gita Wirjawan.

Lohia said a planned polyester plant in Purwakarta alone would cost $200 million.

Indorama was also eyeing investing in the local coal gasification industry, especially in Sumatra, he added.

The company would diversify into the gas and petrochemical sectors after its other goals were achieved, Lohia added.

Yudhoyono explained the rules in investing in Indonesia during the meeting, talking of tax holidays and tax hours, Lohia said.

Indorama would comply with existing rules and that there was no special request for the company from the president, he added.

“We will accept the rules as they are.”

Economics terminology

Investments : Investasi
gas companies : perusahaan-perusahaan gas
Economic Minister : Mentri Ekonomi